Category Archives: Africa

History of Africa
According to current scientific knowledge, Africa is considered to be the cradle of humanity. The oldest traces of human ancestors have been found there. Human development began a little about 6 to 7 million years ago.

One and a half to two million years ago, Homo erectus left Africa and colonized the rest of the world. According to the scientists, Homo sapiens is also said to have spread from Africa.

Early civilizations in Africa
At the end of the Ice Age around 10,500 BC. The Sahara was a fertile area and was populated by some peoples. But the region became more and more arid, so that these peoples were forced to emigrate from the Sahara and migrate to climatically more favorable regions. Their main goal was the fertile region on the Nile. This happened around 5,000 BC. Chr.

In the beginning, people were still hunters and gatherers. At that time, however, the supply of people changed. They domesticated animals and grew fruits.

Early History
The first high culture formed in Africa on the Nile and is known today as Ancient Egypt.

It all began with the fact that towards the end of the 4th millennium BC. The empire Upper Egypt formed. Upper Egypt lay on both sides of the Nile and extended from today’s Aswan Dam to today’s Atfih, which is south of Cairo.

Lower Egypt was formed in the period from 4,000 to 3,400 BC. The empire extended over the Nile Delta to Cairo. During this period, Lower Egypt already had a lively exchange with the European and Asian cultures.

The time when Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt were still separated is known as the predynastic period. It was not until the military expansion by the Pharaoh Menes from Upper Egypt that the two kingdoms were united.

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Zambia Landmarks

Victoria Falls. Most of this natural phenomenon lies on the territory of Zimbabwe, so it is described in detail in the section of this country. However, Zambia has the Victoria Falls Area Museum. The history of the falls is well covered here, including the unusual geological conditions that led to its formation. The museum is… Read More »

Pakistan Geography and Economy

Pakistan (Islamic Republic of Pakistan). South Asian state. It borders Afghanistan, China, India, Iran, and the Arabian Sea. Its area is 803,000 km². It is one of the most populous countries on the planet, with more than 170 million residents, the majority Muslim. Geography According to, the country extends through the Indus basin, at the foot of the Himalayas, and is bordered to the east by the Thar… Read More »

Information about Mauritius

Mauritius is a true paradise island where the balance between white sandy beaches, deep blue lagoons, beautiful mountains, Hindu temples, Indian markets and exciting excursions provide perfect conditions for a relaxing and exciting journey. Visit for versatile Mauritius. On this page you will find practical information and facts about Mauritius. PRACTICAL INFORMATION ABOUT TRAVELING IN… Read More »

Central African Republic History

The Central African Republic, formerly a French colony with the name of Oubangui-Chari, inhabited by pygmies, was populated by other ethnic groups, pursued by religious conquerors (such as Usman dan Fodio in the early 1800s) or by adventurers and slavers (such as Rabah towards the end of the 19th century), perhaps only at the beginning… Read More »

Cities and Regions in Egypt

Egypt is divided into 27 governorates of very different sizes, each ruled by a governor with the rank of minister. While the desert areas are administered in large-scale governorates such as the Al-Wadi al-dschadid district with an area of 376,000 km², the densely populated areas on the Nile are divided into much smaller government districts,… Read More »

Zimbabwe History

The area that is today Zimbabwe had been populated by bantams for hundreds of years when European settlers began to arrive in the latter half of the 19th century. In 1923, the country became a British colony named Southern Rhodesia. In 1965, the white minority government in Rhodesia declared the country to be independent, but… Read More »

Zambia History

Prehistory Zambia has a rich and relatively well-researched prehistory. Acheulene-type stone tools are known from the Victoria Falls area and from the Kalambo Falls. A skull of early Homo sapiens found near Kabwe probably belongs to the late acheulene culture. Other finds from Kalambo are 80,000–100,000 years old. From the last 10,000 years of hunter… Read More »

Western Sahara History

In 1895, sheik Ma al-Aini founded the fortress Smara, and from there until 1910 he fought the Spanish-French presence with the support of the Sultan of Morocco. But this one bowed to European pressure and ceased support for the rebels, who then expanded their area of ​​operation to include Morocco. They reached as far as… Read More »

Uganda History

The area that today makes up Uganda has been inhabited for at least 5000 years, and immigration of different peoples has created an ethnically and linguistically composed people in a relatively small rural area. From the 1300s, several kingdoms emerged in the area, and from the 19th century the state of Buganda dominated. From the… Read More »

Tunisia History

Prehistory During the Middle Paleolithic period, Tunisia was embraced by the Aterian culture (see the Aterian), whose preserved artifacts are dominated by chip tools and arrowheads with tongs. About 14,000 BC appeared the so-called iberomaurusian culture, which at the end of the ice age about 10,000 BC was replaced by the capsien culture, characterized by… Read More »

Togo History

History In the centuries leading up to the middle of the 19th century, Togo was at the intersection of rival influences from the powerful Ashanti kingdom in the west and Dahomey (now Benin) in the east. In the 1840s, German missionaries arrived in the area and later also merchants. In 1884, German explorer Gustav Nachtigal,… Read More »

Tanzania History

Prehistory From the Great Rift Valley, between three and four million years old are derived from Australopithecus afarensis (see Laetoli). In Olduvai, approximately 1.8 million-year-old finds of Australopithecus robustus and Homo habilis have been made together with simple stone tools of the early Oldowan type, as well as of later Oldowan and acheulé types. Other… Read More »

Sudan History

Sudan has since prehistoric times been a region where cultural traditions from the Mediterranean and Africa met. This is evident from the first complex community of Kush originated in the Bronze Age. Christianity was introduced to northern Sudan in the late 500s, and the Nubian Middle Ages lasted for the next thousand years. From 1899… Read More »

South Sudan History

There were no known state formations in today’s South Sudan in pre-colonial times, and the country’s history before 1500 is almost unknown. From the 19th century, both North and South Sudan were occupied by Egypt, and from 1899 South Sudan was part of the condominium established by Egypt and the United Kingdom over Sudan. Like… Read More »

South Africa History

Modern man has existed in South Africa for thousands of years, and the first discoveries date back over 200,000 years ago. The world’s oldest man-made drawing from over 70,000 years ago is found in South Africa. Two of the oldest population groups living in today’s South Africa are descendants of khoi-khoi and san. Bantu people… Read More »

Somalia History

Prehistory Early Paleolithic settlements of the acheulene type have been found in northwestern Somalia; Later Stone Age periods are mainly covered by loose finds and schematic rock paintings. A bargain sequence from Buur Heiba ​​in southern Somalia shows, among other things. that livestock probably began to be domesticated between 2,000 and 1,000 BC Skeletal finds… Read More »

Sierra Leone History

What is today Sierra Leone has been inhabited for thousands of years by various peoples. When the coast became known in Europe through Portuguese seafarers in the 1460s, the area consisted of a number of independent kingdoms such as Bollum, Loko, Buore and Sherbro. In the 18th century, British traders established themselves along the coast,… Read More »

Seychelles History

History In 1502 Vasco da Gama sailed the Emirates, and in 1609 landed an expedition from the British East India Company. In 1756, France annexed the uninhabited islands, which were named after French Finance Minister Jean Moreau de Séchelles (1690-1760). The first colonists arrived around 1770 to exploit the archipelago’s natural wealth with the help… Read More »

Senegal History

Senegal was populated at least 15,000 years ago. Wolof – and Serer people immigrated from the northeast around 500 AD, and Islamization was begun by the Almoravids in the 1000s. In the Middle Ages, the area was part of several large West African kingdoms, such as the Ghanaian Empire (700-1000s) and the Mali Empire (1300s).… Read More »

Sao Tome and Principe History

History In the 1470s, the islands, which were then uninhabited, were reached by Portuguese seafarers, and they became a colony in 1522. The Portuguese built sugar plantations and imported slave laborers from West Africa. Towards the end of the 16th century, sugar exports declined sharply due to excessive competition from Brazil. São Tomé and Príncipe… Read More »

Rwanda History

The original population of today’s Rwanda was Twee, a pygmy people who make up about one percent of modern Rwanda’s inhabitants. The two people (also called batwa) are found in the forest areas of Equatorial Africa and are considered to be the descendants of the indigenous forests. This hunter and gatherer was gradually displaced around… Read More »

Republic of the Congo History

History Congo’s earliest history is relatively unknown, and traces of early civilization in, for example, Pointe Noire, Brazzaville and the Niarid Valley cannot be safely attributed to any particular culture. The country’s first residents were pygmies. The Congo people immigrated during the 1300s, and the Congo was founded with its center in present-day Northern Angola.… Read More »

Nigeria History

Prehistory Older Stone Age finds include possible Oldowan deposits in the Northeast as well as acheulene and nuclear utensils on the Jos plateau. At a cave settlement in Iwo Ileru in the southwest, a bargain sequence includes. microliters from about 10,000 and ceramics from about 3500 BC Permanent housing from the first millennium BC are… Read More »

Niger History

Prehistory Objects of the Levalloisian and Mustardian type, elsewhere dated to about 40,000 BC, are known from Adrar Bous in the Ténéré desert; the area also provides examples of later Stone Age cultures. Changes in the economy, including an emphasis on fishing, are noticed from about 7500 BC. at the Tamaia Mallet west of the… Read More »

Namibia History

The area we know today as Namibia has historically been sparsely populated by hunter and sank cultures. From the 17th century onwards several groups migrated into the area, from the north came cattle drivers like nama and hereo. From the south came African speakers from the Cape Colony. In the 19th century, Germany claimed territory.… Read More »

Mozambique History

Prehistory Since 1975, a spectrum of settlements from the acheulé (at Massingir in southwestern Mozambique) to the end of the Stone Age has been covered. Rock paintings from early collector and farmer communities are found, among others. in the mountainous areas along the border with Zimbabwe. From the first century AD the use of iron… Read More »

Morocco History

Prehistory At Sidi abd ar-Rahman near Casablanca, wedges were found along with skeletons of the early man Homo erectus; The finds are estimated to be about 200,000 years. About 30,000 years old remains from the atérienne culture (compare the aterian), associated with finds of Neanderthal people, have also been found in Morocco. The modern man… Read More »

Mauritius History

History Cartographic sources show that Arab mariners were the first visitors to the then unpopulated island of Mauritius sometime before the 16th century. In the 16th century, Portuguese rose. During the 17th century, the Dutch tried to colonize the island without lasting success, called Mauritius after the governor Moritz (Dutch Maurits) of Orange. First with… Read More »

Mauritania History

Stone Age finds from both Paleolithic and Neolithic times have been found in the area that makes up today’s Mauritania. Located in the Sahel, between North Africa and sub – Saharan Africa, Mauritania has been inhabited by people from both the south and the north from a historical point of view. The ethnic and cultural… Read More »

Mali History

The area around present-day Mali is one of the most densely populated regions in Africa, as many Stone Age finds tell us. Due to the early trade between West Africa and North Africa, which crossed the Sahara, in this area several state formation occurred even before our time calculation. A series of kingdoms emerged and… Read More »

Malawi History

Prehistory In northern Malawi, traces of early hominids have been found in lake sediments near Karonga and a paleolithic elephant slaughterhouse is known from Mwanganda. Late Stone Age settlements are covered in caves in the north as well as in the southern highlands. A rich find material derived from agricultural societies from the last two… Read More »

Madagascar History

Madagascar’s history began when seafarers from Southeast Asia, especially Indonesia, came to Madagascar from the 100s onwards. In the 6th century, Arabs began to establish trading stations, and European plundering and piracy began in the 16th century. At the end of the 17th century the French founded trading stations on the east coast. In the… Read More »

Libya History

Prehistory A majority of the archaeological surface finds made within the borders of Libya stem from the rainy periods between 500,000 and 35,000 years ago when the region was populated by paleolithic big game hunters. The latter part of this period belongs to the North African Athenian culture (compare the Aterian). Late Paleolithic in Libya… Read More »

Liberia History

In 2009, a special court was established to deal with the numerous rape cases in and around Monrovia. See abbreviationfinder for geography, history, society, politics, and economy of Liberia. Instability in neighboring Guinea and Côte d’Ivoire, 30,000 refugees from Côte d’Ivoire, a steady flow of cross-border weapons and high unemployment contributed in 2010 to social… Read More »

Liverpool Attractions and Tourist

Attractions in Liverpool Do you want an overview map of Liverpool with all the attractions? Click here for Map Liverpool! Anglican Cathedral This huge red sandstone cathedral, actually called the Cathedral Church of Christ in Liverpool, is the world’s second largest Anglican cathedral. The foundation stone was laid down by King Edward VII in 1904,… Read More »

Lesotho History

History Lesotho was originally inhabited by the San people until about 1820. Then people came from the north in the people migrations of Bantu people to the south called mfecane (‘the great mess’). Around 1830, King Moshoeshoe united in the Sotho people and founded a kingdom that withstood numerous attacks from neighboring Zulu and Ndebele.… Read More »

Kenya History

A report by the British aid organization Oxfam from March 2006 will take the countries of the Horn of Africa – especially Kenya, Ethiopia and Somalia – affected by drought up to 15 years to recover if they do not receive emergency relief immediately. In some areas the nomads have lost up to 95% of… Read More »

Ivory Coast History

At the October 2000 election, turnout only reached 40%. When, two days later, the count pointed to Socialist Laurent Gbagbo as victor with 51% of the vote, Guéi proclaimed himself president. The presidential guard took up the Supreme Electoral Commission where the counting was taking place and the chairman of it claimed that the count… Read More »

Guinea-Bissau History

During the second round of presidential elections on January 16, 2000, Kumba Yalá of the populist PRS party was elected president with 72% of the vote. During the first round of elections on November 28, the PRS had obtained 38 seats out of Parliament 102, while the Resistencia de Guinea-Bissau-Movimiento Bafatá (Guinea-Bissau Resistance – Movement… Read More »

Guinea History

Prehistory Microlithic stone implements are found together with ground axes and ceramics from the 4000s BC. Guinea was probably a major center for the development of food production in West Africa; from the late 4000s, jams and palm oil probably dominated. Along the coast of Guinea, there are also chip tools and kitchen fittings from… Read More »