Africa

Eswatini History

Prehistory The Stone Age can be followed in a bargain sequence from Border Cave. chip blades in the post-acheuléan pietersburg tradition may have been made already some 200,000 years ago. Traces of anatomically modern humans go back about 95,000 years. About 40,000 years ago, microliters were typical tools; from the same time there are traces […]

Africa

Eritrea History

Prehistory Eritrea’s prehistory is closely linked to that of the Horn of Africa in general, where stock sequences with stone implements from the middle and younger Paleolithic have been found. In neighboring Ethiopia, these constitute the longest consequence of stone tool manufacturing ever documented. In Eritrea, special attention has been paid to the rock paintings […]

Africa

Equatorial Guinea History

History Equatorial Guinea’s original pygmy population was partially ousted from the 18th century by the agricultural farming bantu fang and from the 19th century by the bubi people, who then came to the island of Fernando Póo (now Bioko). This island had already been explored by the Portuguese Fernão do Pó in the 1400s. In […]

Africa

Egypt History

Prehistory The prehistory of Egypt is linked not only to the Nile but also to the whole of northeastern Africa. Changes in the course of the Nile and of temperature and precipitation, especially at the end of the Pleistocene, resulted in drying of varying degrees, from the highlands of eastern Africa to upper Egypt, with […]

Africa

Dominican Republic History

The eastern part of the island of Hispaniola, which today constitutes the Dominican Republic, has probably been populated since around the year 5,000 before our time. Older history As in the other major islands of the Caribbean, the siboney people probably immigrated from South America and lived by hunting and retreat. Agriculture was later run […]

Africa

Djibouti History

See abbreviationfinder for geography, history, society, politics, and economy of Djibouti. In March 2013, Djibouti and Kosova established diplomatic relations. Djibouti had already recognized Kosova as a state in May 2010. In April 2013, President Guelleh Abdoulkader appointed Kamil Mohamed a new prime minister to replace Dileita who had been in office for 12 years. […]

Africa

Democratic Republic of the Congo History

Prehistory No early human fossils have been found, but stone artefacts from the early Palaeolithic period are known from eastern Congo. Towards the end of the Early Paleolithic, acheulene culture seems to have spread from eastern and southern Africa to the Congo. Findings from the last 10,000 years have also been made, including from specialized […]

Africa

Comoros History

History Until the colonial period, the Comoros were not a political unit but consisted of a large number of independent local political units. In the centuries before the French colonization, the Comoros were a southern outpost for Arab merchants, who also introduced Islamic culture and religion to the islands. From the late 18th century the […]

Africa

Chad History

The state of Chad has only existed since the liberation from France in August 1960. However, the territory that constitutes today’s Chad has ancient and proud history of both centralized empires and aphasian groups. Older history The area that constitutes today’s Chad has been inhabited from prehistoric times and played an important role in early […]

Africa

Central African Republic History

The first round of presidential elections was conducted on August 11, 1993, but once again the result was canceled by Kolingba by decree. That made France threaten to suspend its economic and military aid to the country, forcing Kolingba to conduct the second round of the presidential election. On September 1, Kolingba ordered all political […]

Africa

Cameroon History

In January 1993, Finance Minister Antoine Ntsimi introduced reductions in salaries of public servants of between 4 and 20%, which, as he put it, avoided layoffs of 50,000 employees. See abbreviationfinder for geography, history, society, politics, and economy of Cameroon. France decreases one-third of Cameroon’s exports. This dependence led to opposition concerns about any boycott […]

Africa

Cabo Verde History

History The archipelago was uninhabited when it was discovered by the Portuguese in 1460. In 1462, the Portuguese settled on the island of São Tiago and founded the city of Ribeira Grande (not to be confused with the modern city of the same name, on Santo Antão). The slave trade gave the city prosperity, but […]

Africa

Burundi History

Burundi is one of Africa’s poorest and most densely populated areas. As if that were not plentiful, the country has been ravaged over the past 5 centuries by ethnic and economic conflicts between the Hutus and the Tutsi. Since the 15th century, there have been at least 5 comprehensive genocides that have alternately gone beyond […]

Africa

Burkina Faso History

History In the 15th century, a number of mossy and Gurmarian riches emerged in the eastern and central parts of the present Burkina Faso, including Yatenga and Ouagadougou. These kingdoms resisted the pressure of the West Sudanese great powers Mali and Songhai, and lasted until the 1870s, when the European colonial conquest took place. France […]

Africa

Botswana History

Thanks to tourism and the export of diamonds, which made Botswana the second largest exporter in the world after Russia in the 1990s, the country achieved a surplus of state finances which, after all, could not solve the most pressing of the population’s problems. In 1998, 30% of the adult population was HIV positive. In […]

Africa

Benin History

History The country was named from the 17th century until 1975 Dahomey. Benin is not to be confused with the older kingdom of the same name in present Nigeria (see Benin Kingdom). Abomey, the former capital of Dahomey, became the center towards the end of the 17th century in a powerful state formation, which had […]

Africa

Angola History

See abbreviationfinder for geography, history, society, politics, and economy of Angola. Angolan refugees began returning in June from refugee camps in Zambia. Acc. organization is expected to return another 50,000 refugees in the course of 2004. The refugee organization acknowledged that repatriation was a major challenge, because the roads between the two countries were in […]

Africa

Algeria History

In the April 2004 election, Abdelaziz Bouteflika was re-elected with 84% of the vote – according to the report. the official statements. His main counterpart, former Prime Minister Ali Benflis gained 8% and called the election a massive electoral fraud. Benflis and his supporters rejected the election result and filed a complaint with the Algerian […]