Oceania History
Oceania

Oceania History

According to Countryaah, Oceania is the largest island cluster on the planet, with over 10,000 islands and 14 countries. Australia and Oceania History There were paleolithic hunters and gatherers on the islands of Oceania over 10,000 years ago, which were replaced by soil farmers and the roller ax culture about 5,000 years ago. The discovery […]

Australia Life Expectancy 2021
Oceania

Australia History

Prehistory Australia’s prehistory was long believed to have been short, perhaps a few thousand years. Systematic archaeological research first gained momentum in the 1960s, but quickly changed our perception of the continent’s prehistory. We now know that it begins at least 50,000 (maybe more than 80,000) years ago. The population’s collector and hunter economy over […]

Fiji Life Expectancy 2021
Oceania

Fiji History

Fiji’s original population was Melanesians, with a touch of Polynesians. In 1643 Dutch explorer Abel Tasman came to Fiji as the first European. There were many tribal wars in the 19th century; in 1871–1873 an unsuccessful attempt to establish a kingdom was made. The country was a British colony in 1874-1970. This led to large-scale […]

Kiribati Life Expectancy 2021
Oceania

Kiribati History

Prehistory Archaeological finds suggest that Kiribati may have been colonized by Austronesian groups from Southeast Asia as early as the second millennium BC, possibly even earlier. During the 1300s AD Polynesian immigration from Tonga and Samoa occurred in southern Kiribati. History It is possible that Spanish seafarers targeted some of the Gilbert Islands as early […]

Marshall Islands Life Expectancy 2021
Oceania

Marshall Islands History

The Marshall Islands were first populated sometime between 1800 and 2000 years ago, just after falling sea levels made them habitable. This settlement was part of the Austronesian population expansion in far-off Oceania, where seafarers associated with the Lapita culture traveled north and east, most likely from the northern Solomon Islands. Since American Protestant missionaries […]

Micronesia Life Expectancy 2021
Oceania

Micronesia History

Prehistory The Western Micronesian Federation was probably colonized from Indonesia or the Philippines via Palau from the middle of the second millennium BC, while the Eastern Micronesian Federation was reached from the south, possibly from the Fiji area. Until the arrival of the Europeans, Yap controlled an important east-west trade route; the very large millstone-shaped […]

New Zealand Life Expectancy 2021
Oceania

New Zealand History

Prehistory New Zealand was possibly colonized as late as about 800 AD, probably via Polynesia. In the 13th century, most coastal strips and parts of the hinterland were inhabited by groups with cultural characteristics; these may have developed locally but may also indicate colonization from different areas. Immigrants did horticulture and lived in villages. They […]

Palau Life Expectancy 2021
Oceania

Palau History

The first settlement on Palau probably took place some 2,500 years ago by the Indonesian archipelago. After the Spaniards visited the islands in 1543, Palau came under Spanish control. The formal annexation was made in 1886. Germany bought the islands in 1899, and then they, together with the Marshall Islands, were known as German Micronesia. […]

Papua New Guinea Life Expectancy 2021
Oceania

Papua New Guinea History

History Papua New Guinea was formed from areas belonging to the two colonies of British New Guinea and Deutsch- New Guinea (Kaiser-Wilhelms-Land and the Bismarck archipelago), founded in 1884–85. Then there were thousands of small communities (“tribes”) in the area, often ruled by so-called big men. There was no state formation, no cities, no overall […]

Samoa Life Expectancy 2021
Oceania

Samoa History

Prehistory The archipelago was populated like Tonga during the latter part of the 11th century BC. of Polynesians who made so-called Lapita ceramics. Ceramic production ceased around Kr.f. Some findings suggest that Samoa was a springboard for the further colonization of eastern Polynesia. The latter part of Samoa’s prehistory is characterized by of cultivation terraces […]

Solomon Islands Life Expectancy 2021
Oceania

Solomon Islands History

The first immigration to the Solomon Islands probably took place in the 2nd millennium BCE. The first European to arrive was the Spanish seafarer Álvaro de Mendaña de Neira (1567). He named the island after the King Solomon of the Bible because he believed he had found the land of Ophir. Later, Mendaña and other […]

Tonga Life Expectancy 2021
Oceania

Tonga History

The first European to visit Tonga was the Dutchman Jakob Le Maire in 1616. James Cook came there in 1773 and named the archipelago Friendly Islands. In 1845 they were united into an independent kingdom. A friendship agreement with the United Kingdom was established in 1900, and from 1905 Tonga was ruled as a British […]

Vanuatu Life Expectancy 2021
Oceania

Vanuatu History

The first Europeans joined the archipelago in 1606, when Portuguese sailor Pedro Fernandes de Quiros established a short-lived colony on the island of Espíritu Santo. More thorough explored the area was only later, in 1768 by Louis Antoine de Bougainville and in 1774 by James Cook who gave the archipelago the name New Hebrides (New […]

Oceania

Tuvalu History

Prehistory The archipelago was probably colonized during the 1300s by Polynesians from Samoa. Smaller groups of immigrants have later arrived from e.g. Tonga, Cook Islands and Gilbert Islands. History Sporadic contacts with Europeans began in 1568, when the Spanish sailor Álvaro de Mendaña de Neira (dead in 1595) targeted one of the islands. Between 1850 […]

Oceania

Nauru History

The British came to the island in 1798 as the first Europeans. In 1888, Nauru was annexed by Germany, and in 1914 occupied by Australian forces. In 1919 Nauru became a joint British, Australian and New Zealand mandate. From 1942 to 1945 the island was occupied by Japan, from 1947 it was the Australian mandate […]