South America

Suriname History

When the Spaniards discovered the coasts of the area that later became the name Guyana (Berbice) in 1498, it was sparsely populated by Caribbean and Arawak Indians. Spaniards and Portuguese showed little interest in the area, and it was not until 1651 that a British trading station was set up by Barbados, which enticed other […]

Africa

Sudan History

Sudan has since prehistoric times been a region where cultural traditions from the Mediterranean and Africa met. This is evident from the first complex community of Kush originated in the Bronze Age. Christianity was introduced to northern Sudan in the late 500s, and the Nubian Middle Ages lasted for the next thousand years. From 1899 […]

Asia

Sri Lanka History

Sri Lanka was populated by Sinhalese and Tamils from ca. The 500’s before our time calculation. Several different Buddhist kingdoms were established on the island. In the 16th century, Europeans began to colonize Sri Lanka. First out was Portugal, then the Netherlands and Denmark-Norway, without being able to establish themselves. Britain took over as a […]

Europe

Spain History

Prehistory Settlements from the older Stone Age, the paleolithic, have been found on river terraces and in caves; among the latter, over 40 pieces have preserved decor. The most famous painted cave is Altamira, with polychromic images of bison, horse, etc. from preferably the magdalenia (about 16,000-10,000 BC). From the following period, the Mesolithic, settlements […]

Africa

South Sudan History

There were no known state formations in today’s South Sudan in pre-colonial times, and the country’s history before 1500 is almost unknown. From the 19th century, both North and South Sudan were occupied by Egypt, and from 1899 South Sudan was part of the condominium established by Egypt and the United Kingdom over Sudan. Like […]

Asia

South Korea History

History Following the proclamation of the Republic of Korea under the name of the Republic of Korea on August 15, 1948, the government transferred to the newly elected parliament and the government led by President Syngman Rhee. Rhee’s presidency was marked by the strong political tension in North Korea that would lead to the Korean […]

Africa

South Africa History

Modern man has existed in South Africa for thousands of years, and the first discoveries date back over 200,000 years ago. The world’s oldest man-made drawing from over 70,000 years ago is found in South Africa. Two of the oldest population groups living in today’s South Africa are descendants of khoi-khoi and san. Bantu people […]

Africa

Somalia History

Prehistory Early Paleolithic settlements of the acheulene type have been found in northwestern Somalia; Later Stone Age periods are mainly covered by loose finds and schematic rock paintings. A bargain sequence from Buur Heiba ​​in southern Somalia shows, among other things. that livestock probably began to be domesticated between 2,000 and 1,000 BC Skeletal finds […]

Oceania

Solomon Islands History

The first immigration to the Solomon Islands probably took place in the 2nd millennium BCE. The first European to arrive was the Spanish seafarer Álvaro de Mendaña de Neira (1567). He named the island after the King Solomon of the Bible because he believed he had found the land of Ophir. Later, Mendaña and other […]

Europe

Slovenia History

Slovenia’s history is the country’s history from the Middle Ages to 1992. The area that is today Slovenia was in the Middle Ages subject to the Frankish Empire, then the German-Roman Empire. From the 13th century, the influence of the Habsburgs grew in parts of present-day Slovenia, and around 1500 all of Slovenia was subject […]

Europe

Slovakia History

Prehistory The older Stone Age (Paleolithic) is well known from numerous settlement finds; During the Late Paleolithic (about 30,000 years ago), both the local Seleucid culture and cultural forms with a wider spread appeared. In the east, the Neolithic with the Chorean culture entered during the 4000s BC. During the older Bronze Age (around 2,000 […]

Asia

Singapore History

History Singapore’s early history is disputed. Some native historians claim that the island was a regional superpower called Tumasik about 1000-1400, ie. during and for some time after the Srivijaya Empire. Others believe that Singapore was only a local outpost until Stamford Raffles established a British trading station on the island in 1819. Modern Singapore […]

Africa

Sierra Leone History

What is today Sierra Leone has been inhabited for thousands of years by various peoples. When the coast became known in Europe through Portuguese seafarers in the 1460s, the area consisted of a number of independent kingdoms such as Bollum, Loko, Buore and Sherbro. In the 18th century, British traders established themselves along the coast, […]

Africa

Seychelles History

History In 1502 Vasco da Gama sailed the Emirates, and in 1609 landed an expedition from the British East India Company. In 1756, France annexed the uninhabited islands, which were named after French Finance Minister Jean Moreau de Séchelles (1690-1760). The first colonists arrived around 1770 to exploit the archipelago’s natural wealth with the help […]

Europe

Serbia History

Serbia’s history is the country’s history until 1918. The first Serbian state formation occurred in the 11th century, and the Serbian medieval state reached its peak in the 1300s. At the battle of Kosovo on June 28, 1389, the Serbian prince fell, and Serbia became a province under the Ottoman Empire. This board lasted for […]

Africa

Senegal History

Senegal was populated at least 15,000 years ago. Wolof – and Serer people immigrated from the northeast around 500 AD, and Islamization was begun by the Almoravids in the 1000s. In the Middle Ages, the area was part of several large West African kingdoms, such as the Ghanaian Empire (700-1000s) and the Mali Empire (1300s). […]

Asia

Saudi Arabia History

Today’s Saudi Arabia was established in 1932. The first Saudi state was established almost two hundred years earlier in 1744, but people have lived in the area for about 20,000 years. Saudi Arabia’s history is marked by the country’s geopolitical position, home to Islam’s two holiest sites, Mecca and Medina, as well as major oil […]

Africa

Sao Tome and Principe History

History In the 1470s, the islands, which were then uninhabited, were reached by Portuguese seafarers, and they became a colony in 1522. The Portuguese built sugar plantations and imported slave laborers from West Africa. Towards the end of the 16th century, sugar exports declined sharply due to excessive competition from Brazil. São Tomé and Príncipe […]

Europe

San Marino History

The history of San Marino begins in the 300s, when St. Marinus (San Marino), the leader of a Christian congregation, settled on Monte Titano in the Appennines. The small settlement on the mountain eventually developed into a monastery, then a fortress. Despite many attempts at interference by foreign states, San Marino has managed to retain […]

Oceania

Samoa History

Prehistory The archipelago was populated like Tonga during the latter part of the 11th century BC. of Polynesians who made so-called Lapita ceramics. Ceramic production ceased around Kr.f. Some findings suggest that Samoa was a springboard for the further colonization of eastern Polynesia. The latter part of Samoa’s prehistory is characterized by of cultivation terraces […]

North America

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines History

The islands that today make up Saint Vincent and the Grenadines were populated by Caribbean Indians when Kristoffer Columbus so widely roamed them in 1498. Like the neighboring islands, the indigenous people made great opposition to Europeans trying to settle there, especially British and French. Under British rule In 1787, the British occupied Saint Vincent […]

North America

Saint Lucia History

History Probably the first Europeans came to Saint Lucia around 1500. The island was then inhabited by Caribbean Indians. Due to its natural ports and a soil suitable for sugar production, both England and France claimed Saint Lucia in the 17th century. Both countries established settlements on the island, which afterwards changed owners several times […]

North America

Saint Kitts and Nevis History

The two islands of Saint Kitts and Nevis were Britain’s first foothold in the West Indies, colonized in 1623. In 1624, the French also settled, and the ensuing fighting led to a decline in the indigenous Caribbean population. From the 18th century the islands have been British. Independence In 1967, Saint Kitts and Nevis gained […]

Africa

Rwanda History

The original population of today’s Rwanda was Twee, a pygmy people who make up about one percent of modern Rwanda’s inhabitants. The two people (also called batwa) are found in the forest areas of Equatorial Africa and are considered to be the descendants of the indigenous forests. This hunter and gatherer was gradually displaced around […]

Asia Europe

Russia History

Prehistory From the early part of the Paleolithic, a few places of discovery are known in the southernmost part of the Federation, while the later Paleolithic settlements (see Sungir) are scattered throughout most of the area. Beginning in the Neolithic, the area’s prehistory can best be followed divided into four zones: 1) the Black Sea […]

Europe

Romania History

Prehistory The oldest archaeological finds in Romania can be dated to older Paleolithic. During the 5000–3000 languages BC the early agricultural cultures replaced each other (compare Starčevo, band ceramic culture and Cucuteni). Transylvania with its metallurgical centers came to play an important role in cultural development in Central Europe during the Middle and Middle Bronze […]

Africa

Republic of the Congo History

History Congo’s earliest history is relatively unknown, and traces of early civilization in, for example, Pointe Noire, Brazzaville and the Niarid Valley cannot be safely attributed to any particular culture. The country’s first residents were pygmies. The Congo people immigrated during the 1300s, and the Congo was founded with its center in present-day Northern Angola. […]

Asia

Qatar History

Prehistory Traces of settlements in the Qatar Peninsula date back to Paleolithic and Neolithic times. A larger find of stone implements dates to about 4000 BC. From the third millennium BC there are a large number of burial sites similar to those in Bahrain. However, Qatar seems to have remained more isolated than Bahrain due […]

Europe

Portugal History

The history of Portugal begins as the Roman province of Lusitania. After the fall of the Roman Empire, Portugal was occupied by Germans, then by Arabs. During the Middle Ages, Portuguese princes, with the support of the church, began to conquer the country, and Portugal reached its present borders around 1300. In the 1400s and […]

Europe

Poland History

Prehistory Between the ice ages, the memorial and the rice, perhaps more than 350,000 years ago, lived Neanderthal people in southern Poland. From about 130,000 years ago, there are several traces of settlement in caves, among other things. near Cracow, and from a cave near Zakopane comes a boomerang of mammoth bones, dated to 25,000 […]

Asia

Philippines History

The guerilla shoots itself in the foot The guerrillas, the Communist Party and the popular organizations reached a climax in their organizational development in the mid-to-late 1980s, but made a number of mistakes that came at a very high cost. The first serious mistake was not to support the popular revolt against Marcos in 1986. […]

South America

Peru History

Prehistory Traces of hunters and collectors in the caves of Guitarrero in the north and Pikimachay in the south go back to at least about 10,000 BC; a close to twice as high dating for the latter site has been strongly questioned. The prey was among other things. wild horse, camel, deer and sloth. Cultivation […]

South America

Paraguay History

Prehistory When hunters and collectors from surrounding regions first immigrated is unclear. In southern Paraguay, hunting for guanaco dominated from about 3500 BC. until after the arrival of the Europeans in the early 16th century; settlements before that were usually semi-permanent. Ceramic manufacturing was introduced about 500 BC. through contacts with eastern Brazil. History The […]

Oceania

Papua New Guinea History

History Papua New Guinea was formed from areas belonging to the two colonies of British New Guinea and Deutsch- New Guinea (Kaiser-Wilhelms-Land and the Bismarck archipelago), founded in 1884–85. Then there were thousands of small communities (“tribes”) in the area, often ruled by so-called big men. There was no state formation, no cities, no overall […]

North America

Panama History

Prehistory Findings of fishtail-shaped spearheads testify to the presence of Paleo-Indian hunters about 8000–6000 BC, and kitchen moorings from about 5000 BC. points to the importance of coastal resources. Ceramics are coated from about 2000 BC Between about 1500 and 500 BC established agriculture in Panama; together with trade, it laid the foundation for the […]

Oceania

Palau History

The first settlement on Palau probably took place some 2,500 years ago by the Indonesian archipelago. After the Spaniards visited the islands in 1543, Palau came under Spanish control. The formal annexation was made in 1886. Germany bought the islands in 1899, and then they, together with the Marshall Islands, were known as German Micronesia. […]

Asia

Pakistan History

The areas of the Indian subcontinent gathered in the state of Pakistan have their individual history long before Islam. Excavations at Kot Diji east of Indus, not far from Mohenjo-Daro, and at Amri a little further south show traces of a Bronze Age culture from about 3300 BCE. Findings from Baluchistan and from the Soan […]

Asia

Oman History

Prehistory Oman has often been considered to be identical to the land of Magan, which is mentioned in Sumerian texts from the 21st century BC. From this time, settlements based on fishing, agriculture and trade are occupied. From the 300s BC belonged to the Hadramawt area. During the 20th century AD came the supremacy to […]

Europe

Norway History

The history of Norway Norway’s history covers the period from the first people came to the country and up to our time. The earliest traces of human settlement in Norway are from the Stone Age, which began around the year 9,000–10,000 before our time. Stone age Duration: about 10,000–1800 BCE. The Stone Age is considered […]

Europe

Northern Macedonia History

Prehistory The upper part of the Vardar valley has at all times constituted an important cultural link between the Mediterranean world and the interior of the Balkan Peninsula. However, the older phases of the Stone Age are poorly known. The Neolithic began with the appearance of the starčeviculture, later succeeded by the wine culture. Bronze […]