According to educationvv, primary education in Croatia begins at the age of six or seven and consists of eight grades. In 2007, a law was passed to increase free but not compulsory education up to eighteen years of age. Compulsory education consists of eight categories divided into primary school and secondary education that is provided by gymnasiums and vocational training centers. Croatia has eight universities, the University of Zagreb, the University of Split, the University of Rijeka, the University of Osijek, the University of Zadar, the University of Dubrovnik, the University of Pula and the Dubrovnik International University. The University of Zadar, is the first university in Croatia, it was founded in 1396 and remained active until the year 1807, when other higher education institutions took over the founding of the new Zadar University in 2002. The University of Zagreb, founded in 1669, is the oldest functioning university in all of Southeastern Europe. There are also polytechnic and higher education institutions.
The culture of Croatia is the result of fourteen centuries of long history that has seen the development of many cities and monuments. The country has seven World Heritage sites and eight national parks. Croatia is also the birthplace of a number of historical figures. Included among the notable people are three Nobel laureates and numerous inventors.
Some of the first fountain pens came from Croatia. Croatia also has a place in the history of clothing, as evidenced by the origin of the tie (kravata). The country has a long artistic, literary and musical tradition. It also has an interesting and diverse cuisine.
Croatian literature has a long history of ten centuries, the first texts being discovered in the 11th century, which were translations of the ancient Slavonic, written in the Glagolitic alphabet (liturgical writings, hagiographies and apocrypha), inspired by medieval Slavic and Byzantine literature, such as the Kiev Missal (11th century), documents such as the Table of Baška (1100) and the Vinodol Law (1288). Regarding contemporary Croatian literature, authors such as Drago Kekanović; But Budak (1919); Ivan Aralica (1930); Marijan Matjović (1915-1985), in a socialist realist style with Slučaj maturanta Wagnera (“The case of the Wagner graduate”, 1953), Igra oko smrti (“Dance around death”, 1955), Vašar snova (“Market of the dreams “, 1959) and I bogovi pate (” The gods also suffer “, 1965); and the Borgesians Goran Babić,
The official and common language is Croatian, a Slavic language of the South Slavic language family, which uses the Latin alphabet. Practically the entire population speaks Croatian, although Serbian, Italian, Hungarian and Czech are also spoken among minorities, many Croats also know how to speak Spanish due to soap operas, because they put it in Spanish with Croatian subtitles and that is how they learn. On the other hand, the Croatian language is subdivided into three dialects: Čakavski, Štokavski and Kajkavski. Čakavski is spoken in Istria, the Gulf of Kvarner (Quarnero), the Dalmatian coastline and in some regions of central Croatia. Štokavski is spoken mainly in Dalmatia and Slavonia, and lastly, Kajkavski is spoken in the north and northwest of Croatia.
The most popular sports in Croatia are football, handball, basketball, water polo and tennis. The Croatian soccer team finished third in the 1998 Soccer World Cup and Davor Šuker won the Golden Shoe as the tournament’s top scorer. The Croatian national team recently reached fifth place in the FIFA world rankings, although it is currently in position number 15. The country failed in its joint bid with Hungary to host Euro 2012, reaching the last resort, in which the joint candidacy of Poland and Ukraine was elected. At club level, Dinamo Zagreb was champion of the Fairs Cup in the season (1966 – 1967). The Croatian Handball National Team was world champion in 2003 and twice winner of the Olympic games in 1996 and 2004. Ivano Balić has been considered the best handball player in the world several times. RK Zagreb was a European champion twice and RK Bjelovar won the same championship once. The national basketball team finished third at the World Basketball Championships in 1994, second in the 1992 Olympics and third in the Eurobasket 1993 and 1995. Croatian basketball teams have been crowned European champions 5 times: KK Split three times and KK Cibona twice. The third most famous basketball club is KK Zadar.
Assets inscribed on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity
Croatia has the following intangible assets inscribed, by the Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage, on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity:
March of the Kastav region bell ringers at the annual carnival (2009) 2. Feast of Saint Blaise, patron of Dubrovnik (2009) 3. Lace making (2009) 4. Za Krizen procession on the island of Hvar ( 2009) 5. Spring procession of the Ljelie / Kraljice of Gorjani (2009) 6. Traditional manufacture of wooden children’s toys in Hrvatsko Zagorje (2009) 7. Song and music for two voices on an Istrian scale (2009) 8. Sinjska Alka, Sinj cavalry tournament (2010) 9. Gingerbread making in northern Croatia (2010) 10. Ojkanje singing (2010) 11. Bećarac singing and music practice from eastern Croatia (2011) 12. Nijemo Kolo, silent dance from Dalmatian hinterland ( 2011) 13. Klapa: singing to various voices from Dalmatia (southern Croatia) (2012) 14. Mediterranean diet (2010, expanded in 2013, shared with Cyprus, Spain, Greece, Italy, Morocco and Portugal)