Europe

Estonia History

1945 Coercive Collectiveization When Germany’s offensive against the Soviet Union began in 1941, German troops also invaded Estonia and instituted a terrorist regime. The Soviet first recaptured the Baltic States in 1944. The Russians initiated forced industrialization and forced collectivization of agriculture. The same “development model” Stalin had implemented in the Soviet Union since 1929. […]

Europe

Denmark History

Prehistory The Hunter Stone Age (up to 4000 BC) The latest inland ice covered Denmark with the exception of the southwest part of Jutland. From this position it began to melt off about 18,000 years ago, and almost 13,000 years ago, the whole of Denmark was ice-free. Already during the time of the ice melt, […]

Europe

Czech Republic History

The history of the Czech Republic is the country’s history from the first state formation in the area in the 8th and 9th centuries until the Czech Republic joined with Slovakia in the Czechoslovakia federation in 1918. Although the Czech Republic (Czech Republic) was first established in 1993, Bohemia (Čechy) and Moravia (Morava), the landscapes […]

Europe

Croatia History

Croatia’s history begins with Illyria, a landscape on the Balkan Peninsula that included today’s Croatia. This area was colonized by the Greeks from the 7th century before our time, and later by the Romans. Around 600 according to our time, Slavic tribes immigrated. The area was Christianized in the 8th century. Croatia was an independent […]

Europe

Bulgaria History

See abbreviationfinder for geography, history, society, politics, and economy of Bulgaria. After 40 years of struggle to regain independence, in 1870 the Bulgarian church reached an agreement with the Sultan, allowing the creation of an archdiocese with 15 dioceses under it. The first archbishop and his successors were considered “troublemakers” and were banned by the […]

Europe

Bosnia and Herzegovina History

Prehistory The fertile areas of northeastern Bosnia seem to have constituted the demographic center of the area already during prehistoric times, while Hercegovina’s karst landscape has long been sparsely populated. Of the Stone Age periods, the Middle Paleolithic and especially the Late Paleolithic (about 40,000–9000 BC) are fairly well studied. As in other parts of […]

Europe

Belgium History

See abbreviationfinder for geography, history, society, politics, and economy of Belgium. In March 2004, in Arlon, the lawsuit was initiated against Marc Dutroux, who was charged with abduction, rape and murder. The trial took place 8 years after the actual incidents. Dutroux, along with 3 others, were accused of abducting, torturing and raping 6 children […]

Europe

Belarus History

Prehistory The oldest finds are from the Middle Paleolithic (about 300,000-40,000 years ago). The southwestern edge of the country was reached by the Neolithic linear band ceramic culture and later by the tripole culture (4000-2800 BC). The central and northern parts were then dominated by groups of the non-agricultural pit-pottery culture. With the battle ax […]

Europe

Austria History

Austria’s history is characterized by the country being on the border between eastern and western Europe. The land was created as a field county by Karl the Great in the late 700s. In the 13th century, the Habsburg family came to power. Austria eventually came to encompass large parts of Central Europe, becoming a European […]

Europe

Andorra History

According to tradition, Andorra’s independence goes back to Karl the Great’s time. He withdrew the 803 area from the Moors. His son Louis the Pious gave it 819 to the Bishop of Urgel in Catalonia, but the area was disputed. In 1278 Andorra was placed under the joint dominance of the Bishop of Urgel and […]

Europe

Albania History

Prehistory According to European conditions, the prehistory of Albania is still (1996) incompletely known. The oldest finds are from the Middle Paleolithic (about 300,000-40,000 years ago), but the lack of older finds is probably apparent. A large part of the investigated settlements dates back to the entrance of the Neolithic (c. 7000 BC) cave dwellings. […]

Europe

Aland History

In 2010, Åland was given the right to constantly have its own flag hoisted together with the flags of Finland and the EU at Finland’s EU representation in Brussels. The law gives Åland the right to stand outside agreements between Finland and foreign nations. A separate referendum was therefore held in 1994 to decide whether […]

Europe

Europe History

The history of Europe is the history of the continent of Europe, the western extremity of the Eurasian landmass. When talking about the history of Europe, one must distinguish between the history of the concept of Europe and the history of the areas covered by the term. Europe as a purely geographical term derives from […]