| In the 7th century, Irish monks settled in the Faroe
Islands, but already in the 8th century the archipelago was
conquered by Norwegian farmers and in 1035 it became a
Like the other North Atlantic islands,
the Faroe Islands followed Norway into the personnel union
with Denmark in 1380, and they, like Iceland and Greenland,
remained under Danish dominion even after 1814, when Norway
was forced into personnel union with Sweden.
In the middle of the 19th century, the Faroe Islands
gained a seat in the Danish parliament and the royal trade
monopoly was abolished. This led to a rapid economic
development and an initial desire for independence, which
was strengthened during the Second World War when the
islands were occupied by the British and for five years were
cut off from German-occupied Denmark.
In 1948, the Faroe Islands gained far-reaching internal
self-government, "home rule", but Denmark retained control
of, among other things, foreign and defense policy and the
judiciary, and the Danish monarch remained the head of
state. This arrangement still prevails, although the Faroe
Islands appear relatively independent outward, have their
own flag and seat in the Nordic Council. The Faroe Islands
also marked their independence in 1973 when Denmark joined
the then EC but the Faroe Islands chose to stay outside.
Faroe Islands - Torshavn
Tórshavn, Danish Thorshavn, capital of the Faroe Islands, located on
the southeast side of the island of Streymoy; 12,200 residents (2013). Tórshavn
is the seat of the Ombudsman, the Legislature and the Government, as well as the
Faroe Islands' economic and cultural center. museums and cultural center Nordic
House (inauguration 1983). Tórshavn is also an important trading center with a
fishing port, fish processing and other food industry and shipyards. Tórshavn
has regular boat connections with Aberdeen (Scotland) and summertime with
Esbjerg (Denmark), Bergen (Norway) and Seyðisfjörður (Iceland). From Torshavn
Airport, located on the island of Vágar 67 km west of the city, regular air
connections with Copenhagen and Reykjavík are maintained.
Tórshavn has grown up around a medieval town square. The city rights derive
from the latter part of the 16th century.